Les populations de peche et leur ressources sont menaces des changements climatiques, la pollution et le surpeche.
L’Organisation des Nations unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) estime que 31 % des stocks de poissons mondiales sont surexploites depuis 1974, contre moins de 10 % en 1984.
Selon ce dernier rapport, plus de 34 pour cent des reserves halieutiques mondials est deja pechees a niveaux biologiquement non durables, part qui a triple au cours des 40 dernieres annees.
Il y a une urgence importante : cette situation impose un exercice durable, afin de rendre compte d’une meilleure gestion du mer et conserver son équilibre.
1. Identify the threats to marine resources, namely by adopting a sustainable management of the oceans and its ecosystems, including through the exploitation and conservation of especes that are at risk of being extinct or threatened with extinction.
2. Become a responsible consumer: choose products that have been certified by an organisation that certifies the exploitation of especes durables, respecting their habitats marins and other ecosystemes marins.
3. Ensure the transparency of information about fisheries and aquaculture: if you are a retailer, you can demand that all the data pertaining to your supply chain is disclosed, such as the name, address and licence number of the producer.
4. Invest in a more sustainable approach to capture: implement a system of optimisation of the catches and the fishing gear used.
5. Improve the resourses available for a sustainable management of the ocean: a better understanding and more effective use of a large array of resouces such as satellite monitoring, radars, GPS and hydrophonic technology will help to minimise the environmental impacts of fishing operations.
6. Develop a more sustainable approach to the production of fish and other seafood: a focus on a more responsible sourcing method and a reduced use of chemicals in processing, will reduce emissions into the environment.
7. Invest in research and development of new ways to protect the resources marines: new methods for preserving especes that are at risk, or are vulnerable to extinction, will be developed.
8. Make sure the utilisation of renewable energies is not compromised: a focus on regenerative and efficient uses of energy for fishing, such as solar, wind and geothermal, will help to maintain the health of the oceans by minimising the impact of the climate change.
9. Ensure the implementation of conservation measures: implementing effective conservation measures is essential to ensure a long-term survival of endangered and threatened especes marins.
10. Continuate developing innovative approaches to the protection of the marine environment: a constant improvement in our knowledge of the world’s oceans and the sensitivity of their ecosystems will allow us to conserve their resilience.
11. Rebuild a sustainable economy: a more equitable and inclusive world economy is one that will benefit all.
Investing in a more sustainable and fair economy is important for ensuring the future of our planet. It is also the key to achieving the global goals of the United Nations, such as the Millennium Development Goals and Paris Climate Agreement, which call for sustainable development based on environmental protection and social equity.